What is Dyslexia?
The current definition from the International Dyslexia Association states: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
The Texas Education Code (TEC) §38.003 defines dyslexia and related disorders. in the following way: ▪ “Dyslexia” means a disorder of constitutional origin manifested by a difficulty. in learning to read, write, or spell, despite conventional instruction, adequate. intelligence, and sociocultural opportunity.